Lesson 78 The last one? 最后一枝吗?

2020-05-30 by 巴士英语 【字体:   手机访问


First listen and then answer the question.
For how long did the writer give up smoking?



After reading an article entitled ‘Cigarette Smoking and Your Health’I lit a cigarette to calm my nerves. I smoked with concentration and pleasure as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette. For a whole week I did not smoke at all and during this time, my wife  suffered terribly. I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. My friends kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket. After seven days of this I went to a party. Everybody around me was smoking and I felt extremely uncomfortable. When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear. I took one guiltily, lit it and smoked with satisfaction. My wife was delighted that things had returned to normal once more. Anyway, as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking. He himself has done it lots of times!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

entitle (1.1) /in'taitl/ v. 以……为名   
temper (1.6)/'tempə/ n. 脾气
calm (1.2) /kɑ:m/ v. 使镇定   
appetite (1.6) /'æpitait/ n. 胃口,食欲
nerve (1.2) /nə:v/ n. 神经   
produce (1.8) /prə'dju:s/ v. 拿出
concentration (1.2) /'kɔnsənt'reıʃən/ n. 集中,专心
urge (1.10) /ə:dʒ/ v. 力劝,怂恿
suffer (1.5) /'sʌfə/ v. 受苦,受害   
satisfaction (1.11) /'sætəs'fækʃən/ n. 满意,满足
symptom (1.5) /'simptəm/ n. 症状   
delighted (1.11) /di'laitid/ adj. 欣喜的

Notes on the text 课文注释

1  an article entitled …, 题名为……的文章
2  as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette, 因为我确信这是我最后一支烟。 as 是“因为”的意思。
3  I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking …, 戒烟的人通常表现的一切征兆,我都有……。
someone giving up smoking 是独立主格结构,作of的宾语。someone是逻辑主语,giving up smoking 是逻辑谓语。
4  kept on offering me cigarettes and cigairs, 不断给我递香烟和雪茄。keep on doing 是“持续不断做”的意思。
5  They made no effort to hide, 他们毫不掩饰。 make no effort, 根本不作努力。
6  seven days of this, 其中this是指戒烟后的情况。
7  as Brian pointed out, 正如布赖恩指出的, as是关系代词,作 pointed out的宾语,代替后面整个句子。