Lesson 78 The last one? 最后一枝吗?

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-05-30 15:38更新  浏览

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
For how long did the writer give up smoking?

英式发音:

美式发音:

After reading an article entitled ‘Cigarette Smoking and Your Health’I lit a cigarette to calm my nerves. I smoked with concentration and pleasure as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette. For a whole week I did not smoke at all and during this time, my wife  suffered terribly. I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. My friends kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket. After seven days of this I went to a party. Everybody around me was smoking and I felt extremely uncomfortable. When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear. I took one guiltily, lit it and smoked with satisfaction. My wife was delighted that things had returned to normal once more. Anyway, as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking. He himself has done it lots of times!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

entitle (1.1) /in'taitl/ v. 以……为名   
temper (1.6)/'tempə/ n. 脾气
calm (1.2) /kɑ:m/ v. 使镇定   
appetite (1.6) /'æpitait/ n. 胃口,食欲
nerve (1.2) /nə:v/ n. 神经   
produce (1.8) /prə'dju:s/ v. 拿出
concentration (1.2) /'kɔnsənt'reıʃən/ n. 集中,专心
urge (1.10) /ə:dʒ/ v. 力劝,怂恿
suffer (1.5) /'sʌfə/ v. 受苦,受害   
satisfaction (1.11) /'sætəs'fækʃən/ n. 满意,满足
symptom (1.5) /'simptəm/ n. 症状   
delighted (1.11) /di'laitid/ adj. 欣喜的

Notes on the text 课文注释

1  an article entitled …, 题名为……的文章
2  as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette, 因为我确信这是我最后一支烟。 as 是“因为”的意思。
3  I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking …, 戒烟的人通常表现的一切征兆,我都有……。
someone giving up smoking 是独立主格结构,作of的宾语。someone是逻辑主语,giving up smoking 是逻辑谓语。
4  kept on offering me cigarettes and cigairs, 不断给我递香烟和雪茄。keep on doing 是“持续不断做”的意思。
5  They made no effort to hide, 他们毫不掩饰。 make no effort, 根本不作努力。
6  seven days of this, 其中this是指戒烟后的情况。
7  as Brian pointed out, 正如布赖恩指出的, as是关系代词,作 pointed out的宾语,代替后面整个句子。

参考译文

读完一篇题为《吸烟与健康》的文章之后,我点上了一枝香烟,来镇定一下自己紧张的神经。我聚精会神而又愉快地吸着这枝烟。因为我确信这是我最后一枝烟了。整整一个星期我根本没有吸烟。在此期间,我妻子吃尽了苦头。我具备了戒烟者通常表现出来的所有症状:脾气暴躁和食欲旺盛。我的朋友们不断地向我递香烟和雪茄。每当我从口袋里掏出一包糖果时,他们都毫不掩饰地表现出他们对此感到非常好笑。这样过了7天以后,我去参加一次聚会。我周围的每个人都在吸烟,我感到非常不自在。当我的老朋友布赖恩极力劝我接受一枝香烟时,我再也忍不住了。我内疚地接过一枝点上,心满意足地抽起来。一切又都恢复了正常,为此我妻子十分高兴。不管怎么说,正如布赖恩指出的那样,戒烟是世界上最容易的事情,他自己就已戒了很多次了!

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