Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
The word‘justice’ is given two different meanings in the text.
What is the distinction between them?
The word justice is usually associated with courts of law. We mightsay that justice has been done when a man's innocence or guilt hasbeen proved beyond doubt. Justice is part of the complex machineryof the law. Those who seek it undertake an arduous journey andcan never be sure that they will find it. Judges, however wise oreminent, are human and can make mistakes.
There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract concept. Reward or punishment are meted out quite independent of human interference. At such times, justice acts like a living force. When we use a phrase like‘it serves him right’, we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of its own accord.
When a thief was caught on the premises of a large jewellery store one morning, the shop assistants must have found it impossible to resist the temptation to say‘it serves him right’. The shop was an old converted house with many large, disused fireplaces and tall, narrow chimneys. Towards midday, a girl heard a muffled cry coming from behind one of the walls. As the cry was repeated several times, she ran to tell the manager who promptly rang up the fire brigade. The cry had certainly come from one of the chimneys, but as there were so many of them, the fire fighters could not be certain which one it was. They located the right chimney by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries. After chipping through a wall which was eighteen inches thick, they found that a man had been trapped in the chimney. As it was extremely narrow, the man was unable to move, but the fire fighters were eventually able to free him by cutting a huge hole in the wall. The sorry-looking, blackened figure that emerged, admitted at once that he had tried to break into the shop during the night but had got stuck in the chimney. He had been there for nearly ten hours. Justice had been done even before the man was handed over to the police.
New Words and Expressions 生词和短语
justice (title) /'dʒstis/ n. 正义，公正；司法
court (1. 1) /kɔ:t/ n. 法院
law (1. 1) /lɔ:/ n. 法律
innocence (1. 2) /'inəsəns/ n. 无辜
undertake (1. 4) /'ʌndə'teik/ v. 承担，着手做
arduous (1. 4) /'a:djuəs/ adj. 艰苦的，艰难的
abstract (1. 7) /'æbstrækt/ adj. 抽象的
concept (1. 7) /'kɔnsept/ n. 概念，观念
mete out (1. 8) /mi:t-aut/ 给予，处置
interference (1. 8) /'intə'fiərəns/ n. 干涉
accord (1. 10) /ə'kɔ:d/ n. 一致
premises (1. 11) /'premisiz/ n. 房屋
convert (1. 12) /kən'və:t/ v. 转变，改变
disused (1. 13) /dis'ju:zd/ adj. 不再用的，废弃的
fireplace (1. 13) /'faiəpleis/ n. 壁炉
muffle (1. 13) /'mʌfəl/ v. 捂住，厌抑
chip (1. 17) /tʃip/ v. 砍，削，凿
blacken (1. 20) /'blækən/ v. 不变黑
emerge (1. 20) /i'mə:dʒ/ v. (从某处)出现
Notes on the text 课文注释
1 beyond doubt，确凿无疑。
2 however wise or eminent，不管他们是多么精明、多么杰出。
however 为连接副词，作“不管……如何”解，所引导的让步状语从句中经常可以省略某些词，此处省略了they are。
3 quite independent of human interference，完全不受人的干预。 be independent of，不受。
4 it serves him right，他罪有应得。
5 in part，部分地，在某种程度上。
6 of its own accord，自愿地，自动地。
7 impossible to resist the temptation to say…，情不自禁地说……。