Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
Does the writer think the parents were lucky or unlucky to gain prosperity in this way? Why?
In democratic countries any efforts to restrict the freedom of the press are rightly condemned. However, this freedom can easily be abused. Stories about people often attract far more public attention than political events. Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves. Acting on the contention that facts are sacred, reporters can cause untold suffering to individuals by publishing details about their private lives. Newspapers exert such tremendous influence that they can not only bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow a government.
The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press. The family lived in Aberdeen, a small town of 23, 000 inhabitants in South Dakota. As the parents had five children, life was a perpetual struggle against poverty. They were expecting their sixth child and were faced with even more pressing economic problems. If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed. They would have continued to struggle against economic odds and would have lived in obscurity. But they suddenly became the parents of quintuplets, four girls and a boy, an event which radically changed their lives. The day after the birth of the five children, an aeroplane arrived in Aberdeen bringing sixty reporters and photographers.
The rise to fame was swift. Television cameras and newspapers carried the news to everyone in the country. Newspapers and magazines offered the family huge sums for the exclusive rights to publish stories and photographs. Gifts poured in not only from unknown people, but from baby food and soap manufaturers who wished to advertise their products. The old farmhouse the family lived in was to be replaced by a new ＄500, 000 home. Reporters kept pressing for interviews so lawyers had to be employed to act as spokesmen for the family at press conferences. While the five babies were still quietly sleeping in oxygen tents in a hospital nursery, their parents were paying the price for fame. It would never again be possible for them to lead normal lives. They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value. Instead of being five new family members, these children had immediately become a commodity.
New Words and Expressions 生词和短语
democratic(1. 1)/'demə'krætik/ adj．民主的
South Dakota(1. 11)/'sauθ-də'kəutə/南达科他州（美国）
Notes on the text 课文注释
1 read about (=of)…, 作“读到……”讲。
2 it is extremely doubtful whether…ourselves.
3 act on…, 根据……行动。
4 bring about, 带来。
5 South Dakota, 南达科他，美国中北部的一个州。面积77，047平方英里（约200，000平方公里）。这个州以粮食生产和矿产著称。
6 struggle against… odds, 与恶运搏斗。
7 If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed. 如果他们只是添了1个孩子，这件事本来就不会引起任何人注意。这是虚拟语气，用来表示与过去的事实相反的假设。unnoticed是过去分词作方式状语，修饰passed。
8 The rise to fame was swift. 出名太快了。to fame作rise的定语。
9 the exclusive rights to publish, 独家报道（出版）权。
10 pour in, 作“大量流入”、“源源而来”解。
11 press for…, 作“迫切要求……”讲。