Lesson 49 The ideal servant 理想的仆人

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-05-31 17:28更新  浏览

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
What was Bessie's‘little weakness’?



It is a good thing my aunt Harriet died years ago. If she were alive today she would not be able to air her views on her favourite topic of conversation: domestic servants. Aunt Harriet lived in that leisurely age when servants were employed to do housework. She had a huge, rambling country house called‘The Gables’. She was sentimentally attached to this house, for even though it was far too big for her needs, she persisted in living there long after her husband's death. Before she grew old, Aunt Harriet used to entertain lavishly. I often visited The Gables when I was a boy. No matter how many guests were present, the great house was always immaculate. The parquet floors shone like mirrors; highly polished silver was displayed in gleaming glass cabinets; even my uncle's huge collection of books was kept miraculously free from dust. Aunt Harriet presided over an invisible army of servants that continuously scrubbed, cleaned, and polished. She always referred to them as‘the shifting population’, for they came and went with such frequency that I never even got a chance to learn their names. Though my aunt pursued what was, in those days, an enlightened policy, in that she never allowed her domestic staff to work more than eight hours a day, she was extremely difficult to please. While she always criticized the fickleness of human nature, she carried on an unrelenting search for the ideal servant to the end of her days, even after she had been sadly disillusioned by Bessie.

Bessie worked for Aunt Harriet for three years. During that time she so gained my aunt's confidence, that she was put in charge of the domestic staff. Aunt Harriet could not find words to praise Bessie's indus triousness and efficiency. In addition to all her other qualifications, Bessie was an expert cook. She acted the role of the perfect servant for three years before Aunt Harriet discovered her‘little weakness’. After being absent from The Gables for a week, my aunt unexpectedly returned one afternoon with a party of guests and instructed Bessie to prepare dinner. Not only was the meal well below the usual standard, but Bessie seemed unable to walk steadily. She bumped into the furniture and kept mumbling about the guests. When she came in with the last course----a huge pudding----she tripped on the carpet and the pudding went flylng through the air, narrowly missed my aunt, and crashed on the dining table with considerable force. Though this caused great mirth among the guests, Aunt Harriet was horrified. She reluctantly came to the conclusion that Bessie was drunk. The guests had, of course, realized this from the moment Bessie opened the door for them and, long before the final catastrophe, had had a difficult time trying to conceal their amusement. The poor girl was dismissed instantly. After her departure, Aunt Harriet discovered that there were piles of empty wine bottles of all shapes and sizes neatly stacked in what had once been Bessie's wardrobe. They hadmysteriously found their way there from the wine cellar!

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

rambling (1. 5) /'ræmbliŋ/adj. 杂乱无章的
sentimentally (1. 6) /'senti'mentli/ adv. 感情上,多情地
lavishly (1. 8)/'læviʃli/ adv. 慷慨地,大方地
immaculate (1. 9)/i'mækjulit/ adj. 清洁的,无污点的
parquet (1. 10) /'pa:kei/n. 镶木地板
gleam (1. 10) /gli:m/ v. 发亮,闪光
preside (1. 11) /pri'zaid/ v. 指挥
invisible (1. 11) /in'vizibəl/ adj. 看不见的,无形的
scrub (1. 12) /skrʌb/ v. 擦拭,刷洗
enlightened (1. 14) /in'laitənd/ adj. 开明的
fickleness (1. 16) /'fikəlnis/ n. 变化无常
unrelenting (1. 16) /'ʌnri'lentiŋ/ adj. 不屈不挠的,不松懈的
disillusion (1. 17) /'disi'lu:'ʒən/ v. 使幻想破灭
industriousness (11. 19-20) /in'dʌstriəsnis/ n. 勤奋
qualification (1. 20) /'kwɔlifi'keiʃən/ n. 资格,能力
mirth (1. 27) /mə:θ/ n. 欢笑,高兴
stack (1. 31) /stæk/ v. 整齐地堆放
cellar (1. 32) /'selə/ n. 地窖

Notes on the text 课文注释

1 air one's views on…,作“对……发表意见”讲。
2 be attached to,喜爱,喜欢。
3 persist in doing sth,坚持做某事。
4 free from dust,一尘不染。
5 Aunt Harriet presided over an invisible army of servants…句中的preside over是“统辖”、“指挥”的意思。由于她雇用过许多仆人,人数之多已可称作一支队伍(army);而由于她不断解雇又不断雇用,因此这支队伍在一定程度上也就变得无形了。
6 refer to them as,把他们称作……。
7 what was…, an enlightened policy,算得上是一项开明政策。in that是书面用语,作“因为”、“既然”讲。
8 While she always criticized…,while作“虽然”讲,引导让步状语从句;to the end of her days,直到她去世前。





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