Lesson 50 New Year resolutions 新年的决心

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-05-31 17:28更新  浏览

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
What marked the end of the writer's New Year resolutions?



The New Year is a time for resolutions. Mentally, at least, most of us could compile formidable lists of‘dos’and‘don'ts’. The same old favourites recur year in year out with monotonous regularity. We resolve to get up earlier each morning, eat less, find more time to play with the children, do a thousand and one jobs about the house, be nice to people we don't like, drive carefully, and take the dog for a walk every day. Past experience has taught us that certain accomplishments are beyond attainment. If we remain inveterate smokers, it is only because we have so often experienced the frustration that results from failure. Most of us fail in our efforts at self-improvement because our schemes are too ambitious and we never have time to carry them out. We also make the fundamental error of announcing our resolutions to everybody so that we look even more foolish when we slip back into our bad old ways. Aware of these pitfalls, this year I attempted to keep my resolutions to myself. I limited myself to two modest ambitions: to do physical exercises every morning and to read more of an evening. An all-night party on New Year's Eve provided me with a good excuse for not carrying on either of these new resolutions on the first day of the year, but on the second, I applied myself assiduously to the task.

The daily exercises lasted only eleven minutes and I proposed to do them early in the morning before anyone had got up. The self-discipline required to drag myself out of bed eleven minutes earlier than usual was considerable. Nevertheless, I managed to creep down into the living room for two days before anyone found me out. After jumping about on the carpet and twisting the human frame into uncomfortable positions, I sat down at the breakfast table in an exhausted condition. It was this that betrayed me. The next morning the whole family trooped in to watch the performance. That was really unsettling, but I fended off the taunts and jibes of the family good-humouredly and soon everybody got used to the idea. However, my enthusiasm waned. The time I spent at exercise gradually diminished. Little by little the eleven minutes fell to zero. By January 10th, I was back to where I had started from. I argued that if I spent less time exhausting myself at exercises in the morning, I would keep my mind fresh for reading when I got home from work. Resisting the hypnotizing effect of television, I sat in my room for a few evenings with my eyes glued to a book. One night, however, feeling cold and lonely, I went downstairs and sat in front of the televisionpretending to read. That proved to be my undoing, for I soon got back to my old bad habit of dozing off in front of the screen. I still haven't given up my resolution to do more reading. In fact, I have just bought a book entitled How to Read a Thousand Words a Minute. Perhaps it will solve my problem, but I just haven't had time to read it!

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

resolution (title) /'rezə'lu:ʃən/ n. 决心
mentally (1. 1) /'mentəli/ adv. 内心里
compile (1. 2) /kəm'pail/ v. 编辑,编制
formidable (1. 2) /'fɔ:midəbəl/ adj. 令人畏惧的
recur (1. 3) /ri'kə:/ v. 再发生,又出现
regularity (1. 3) /'regju'læriti/ n. 规律性
accomplishment (1. 8) /ə'kɔmpliʃmənt/ n. 成就
attainment (1. 8) /ə'teinmənt/ n. 达到
inveterate (1. 8) /in'vetərit/ adj. 根深蒂固的
self-improvement (1. 9) /'self-im'pru:vmənt/ n. 自我完善
scheme (1. 10) /ski:m/ n. 简单的计划,方案
ambitious (1. 10) /æm'biʃəs/ adj. 雄心勃勃的
pitfall (1. 12) /'pitfɔ:l/ n. 意外的困难,易犯的错误
modest (1. 13) /'mɔdist/ adj. 要求不过分的
assiduously (1. 15) /ə'sidjuəsli/ adv. 刻苦地
self-discipline (1. 18) /'self-'disiplim/ n. 自我约束
frame (1. 20) /freim/ n. 躯体
betray (1. 21) /bi'tre/ v. 暴露,显露
troop (1. 22) /tru:p/ v. 成群结队地走动
unsettle (1. 22) /ʌn'setl/ v. 使不安
taunt (1. 23) /tɔ:nt/ n. 嘲笑,奚落人的话
jibe (1. 23) /dʒaib/ n. 嘲弄,挖苦
good-humouredly (1. 23) /'gud'hju:mədli/ adv. 和气地,心情好地
wane (1. 24) /wein/ v. 逐渐变小,变弱
diminish (1. 24) /di'miniʃ/ v. 减少,缩小
hypnotize (1. 27) /'hipnətaiz/ v. 使欲睡,使蒙眬
undoing (1. 29) /ʌn'du:iŋ/ n. 祸根,毁灭的原因
screen (1. 30) /skri:n/ n. 电视机屏幕

Notes on the text 课文注释

1 dos and don'ts,要做的事和不要做的事。
2 year in year out,年复一年。
3 a thousand and one,许许多多。
4 beyond attainment,做不到的、达不到的。
5 carry out ,实行,照办、执行。
6 slip back into our bad old ways,滑回到那些坏的老习惯上去。
7 keep…to oneself,作“将……秘而这宣”,“保密”讲。
8 of an evening= in the evenings。
9 apply oneself to,全力以矗赴地干。
10 It was this that betrayed me.这是强调句型,被强调的部分this指sat down…in an exhausted condition。
11 fend off,挡回,避开。
12 doze off,打瞌睡。





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